Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) occur as a result of problems with the jaw, jaw joint and surrounding facial muscles that control chewing and moving the jaw. TMD is usually treated as a team approach, with physical therapy being an integral part of the comprehensive plan. Physical therapy will address any biomechanical dysfunctions from the temporomandibular joint itself, the cervical spine (neck) and corresponding facial/masticatory, cervical, and periscapular muscles that can contribute to TMD. Another important consideration in the cause of TMD can also include the role of psychosocial stressors that have also been shown to exacerbate TMD symptoms. For stress reduction, CPTC will assist with a referral to a local Certified Biofeedback Specialist if needed.
Depending on your individual needs, your treatment plan may include a wide variety of interventions, such as: joint mobilizations (of TMJ and/or cervical spine), soft tissue mobilizations, modalities (electrical stimulation, ultrasound, or iontophoresis if indicated), exercises for strengthening and/or stretching and posture education.